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Famous Biologists
Famous Mathematicians
Famous Physicists
Famous Psychologists


Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Fleming
Albert Bandura
Claude Bernard
Alfred Binet
Franz Boas
Niels Bohr
Ludwig Boltzmann
Max Born
Louis de Broglie
Noam Chomsky
Nicolaus Copernicus
Francis Crick
Marie Curie
John Dalton
Charles Darwin
Rene Descartes
Thomas Edison
Albert Einstein
Leonhard Euler
Michael Faraday
Benjamin Franklin
Sigmund Freud
Galileo Galilei
Jane Goodall
Stephen Hawking
Heinrich Hertz
Edwin Hubble
Christiaan Huygens
Edward Jenner
Johannes Kepler
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Kurt Lewin
Charles Lyell
James Clerk Maxwell
Isaac Newton

Jean Piaget
Louis Pasteur
Linus Pauling
Ivan Pavlov
Max Planck
Ernest Rutherford
Jonas Salk
Erwin Schrodinger
B. F. Skinner
Nikola Tesla
Joseph J. Thomson
Alan Turing
Alessandro Volta
John B. Watson
Wilhelm Wundt





Stephen Hawking

Born on the 8th of January, 1942, Stephen William Hawking known popularly as Stephen Hawking, is a cosmologist, theoretical physicist and author of many scientific books. Having appeared in public many times, he is considered to be somewhat an academic celebrity.

Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking

A Royal Society of Arts Honorary Fellow, he is also a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Science. In the year 2009, he was awarded the highest USA civilian award called the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Hawking's parents were Dr Frank Hawking, a researcher and biologist, as well as Isobel Hawking. He has two sisters named Mary and Philippa as well as an adopted brother named Edward. Hawkings' parents lived in Northern London and moved to Oxford while his mother was still pregnant with Stephen. This is because they desired a more safe location for their coming firstborn.

When Stephen was born, his family moved back to London where his dad became head of the Parasitology division of the Medical Research National Institute. In the year 1950, the entire family moved to St Albans in Hertfordhire where he attended the St Albans High School for Girls from the years 1950 to 1953.

Always having been interested in science, he was inspired by his math teacher and wanted to study this subject at the university. His father, however, wanted him to apply at the University College in Oxford where he himself had attended. He thus applied to read natural sciences where he got a scholarship. Once at the University College, he then specialized in physics. The interests he had at this time were relativity, thermodynamics and quantum mechanics.

In 1962 in Oxford, he received his BA degree and stayed on for the study of the subject of astronomy. He left when he saw that all the observatory of this school could manage to see was sunspots, which did not interest him. He was much more into studying theory than observations. He then went to Cambridge's Trinity Hall to study cosmology and astronomy.

For 30 years, Hawking was the Mathematics Lucasian Professor at Cambridge University. He took up his post in 1979 and retired on October 1, 2009. A Fellow of Caius College, Cambridge and Gonville, he also holds a Distinguished Research Chair at Waterloo, Ontario's Perimeter Institute of Theoretical Physics.

He is popularly known for the contributions he made in the field of quantum gravity, specifically black holes, and cosmology. He has achieved success with popular science works where he discusses his own cosmology theories. These include the bestselling "A Brief History of Time" which stayed on the Sunday Times bestseller list of England for two hundred and thirty seven weeks.

To date, Stephen Hawking has key science works which include theorems regarding the singularities of gravity with Roger Penrose in the general relativity framework. It also includes his theory predicting that black holes need to emit radiation. This theory is known currently as hawking Radiation, sometimes called Bekenstein-Hawking radiation.

Stephen Hawking, through the years, has become almost completely paralyzed by his disease which is neuro-muscular dystrophy, related to sclerosis of the amyotrophic laterals.

Rumor Has It

As a kid Stephen Hawking invented a prickly pear cactus dessert that had the spines still in it. Needless to say it was not a commercial success.

Written by Kevin Lepton