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Famous Biologists
Famous Mathematicians
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Famous Psychologists

Biographies

Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Fleming
Aristotle
Albert Bandura
Claude Bernard
Alfred Binet
Archimedes
Franz Boas
Niels Bohr
Ludwig Boltzmann
Max Born
Louis de Broglie
Noam Chomsky
Nicolaus Copernicus
Francis Crick
Marie Curie
John Dalton
Charles Darwin
Rene Descartes
Thomas Edison
Albert Einstein
Euclid
Leonhard Euler
Michael Faraday
Benjamin Franklin
Sigmund Freud
Galileo Galilei
Jane Goodall
Stephen Hawking
Heinrich Hertz
Hippocrates
Edwin Hubble
Christiaan Huygens
Edward Jenner
Johannes Kepler
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Kurt Lewin
Charles Lyell
James Clerk Maxwell
Isaac Newton

Jean Piaget
Louis Pasteur
Linus Pauling
Ivan Pavlov
Max Planck
Ptolemy
Pythagorus
Ernest Rutherford
Jonas Salk
Erwin Schrodinger
B. F. Skinner
Nikola Tesla
Joseph J. Thomson
Alan Turing
Alessandro Volta
John B. Watson
Wilhelm Wundt

 

 

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Alfred Binet

Alfred Binet was a ground-breaker in the field of testing for standardized intelligence ratings. These measurements were based on auditory times as they associate with specific colors, and the varying reaction times of one person as compared to another. His research also included the memory capabilities of children, and the study of visual and auditory imagery.


Alfred Binet
 

Binet was interested in the ways in which artists were inspired, and where their creativity originated. He disagreed with experimental psychological methods of his time because he felt that they were based too much on what he called "sterile laboratory conditions". He was more interested in the differences of individuals, and their responses' qualitative and quantitative aspects. He also began programs for children who had mental disabilities, and he was the first to develop special classes for them.

Binet observed his two daughters, and dealt with his observations in published papers. He spent time studying in the laboratory of his father-in-law, at College de France, taking courses in zoology and botany. He even went so far as to study the physiology and behavior of insects, and in 1894, he earned a doctorate.

During this time period, Binet teamed with Henri Beaumis, in starting up the original psychological journal in France. He published 85 reviews and four papers that were his alone, and the American Psychological Review appointed him to their board of associates. He is also known for the two books he had published. One dealt with experimental psychology, and the other was on the "psychology of master calculators and chess players".

Binet's interests covered a wide range of subjects. He was published in biology reviews, and had findings in the fields of physiology, anatomy and histology. He gave a lecture series at University of Bucharest, and they wanted him to become a professor there, but he decided to return to Paris, instead. For all his accomplishments, he was never appointed to any institutions of higher learning in France.

Binet studied law early in his career, but his interest waned, and he turned to medical studies, many of them incomplete. He worked with mental patients in a neurologist's laboratory, and he became interested in hypnosis. He felt that people described as "normal" should be studied before one attempted to study people who had more serious emotional issues.

Experts feel that the most productive period of Binet's life was in 1901 - 1911. He was interested in the ways to differentiate "normal" children from those who, at that time, were referred to as "retarded". He felt that children with mental disabilities should have special classes, instead of spending time in "normal" classes, where they didn't really learn anything useful to them.

In 1909, there was a law passed that established classes for schools for the "retarded". Binet and his associate, Theodore Simon, helped select the first students who would attend these special classes. Binet and Simon published the standardized intelligence scale in 1905, and this is his best-known achievement. It was developed after over 15 years of research involving children.

Rumor has it

Alfred Binet developed a video game before anyone was doing that sort of thing that involved zombie kittens and Chuck Norris.

Written by Kevin Lepton

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

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