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Famous Biologists
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Famous Physicists
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Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Fleming
Albert Bandura
Claude Bernard
Alfred Binet
Franz Boas
Niels Bohr
Ludwig Boltzmann
Max Born
Louis de Broglie
Noam Chomsky
Nicolaus Copernicus
Francis Crick
Marie Curie
John Dalton
Charles Darwin
Rene Descartes
Thomas Edison
Albert Einstein
Leonhard Euler
Michael Faraday
Benjamin Franklin
Sigmund Freud
Galileo Galilei
Jane Goodall
Stephen Hawking
Heinrich Hertz
Edwin Hubble
Christiaan Huygens
Edward Jenner
Johannes Kepler
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Kurt Lewin
Charles Lyell
James Clerk Maxwell
Isaac Newton

Jean Piaget
Louis Pasteur
Linus Pauling
Ivan Pavlov
Max Planck
Ernest Rutherford
Jonas Salk
Erwin Schrodinger
B. F. Skinner
Nikola Tesla
Joseph J. Thomson
Alan Turing
Alessandro Volta
John B. Watson
Wilhelm Wundt





Max Planck

German physicist Max Planck is considered to be one of the most significant twentieth century physicists and is the person who founded quantum theory. In the year 1918, Planck was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.

Max Planck
Max Planck

Born on April 23, 1858 in the area of Kiel in Germany, Planck was the son of Emma and Julius Wilhelm Planck. His father worked as the Constitutional Law Professor in the Kiel University and later on he proceeded to be Professor of Constitutional Law in Gottingen.

Planck went to the University of Berlin and Munich where his teachers included Helmholtz and Kirchhoff. In 1879, he received his philosophy doctorate at Munich.
From the year 1880 until 1885, he was the Privatdozent in Munich and became the Theoretical Physics Associate Professor at Kiel until the year 1889. This was the year he was able to succeed Kirchhoff as the Berlin University Professor where he remained until h retired in the year 1926.

Some of his earliest work included the subject of thermodynamics. This was an interest he had acquired from having studied under Kirchhoff and from reading considerably the publications of R. Clausius. He published papers on the subject on thermoelectricity entropy and the theory of solutions that are dilute.

Simultaneously, some issues with processes of radiation took his attention and he portrayed that these needed to be considered naturally electromagnetic. From these, he addressed the issue of energy distribution in the spectrum of total radiation.

Observations on distributed wavelength experiments emitted by a black body as a temperature function varied with the predictions offered by traditional, classic physics.

Max Planck was able to deduce that the energy and radiation frequency had a relationship. He published a 1900 paper and announced his view of this relationship. This was based on the innovative idea that a resonator's emitted energy could only take on discrete quanta or values. Now called Planck's constant, the energy for a frequency resonator v is hv where h is a universal constant.

Not only was this the most important work of Planck, but was a significant point in physics history. This discovery was important due to its ability to have far-reaching effects on traditional physics. The significance of this was not first appreciated.

Gradually, however, the evidence for how valid it actually was became overwhelming. This is because its applications accounted for almost all the developments and discrepancies between classical theory and observed phenomena. Among these developments and applications is the photoelectric effect as explained by Albert Einstein.

The awards and honors that Planck has received include the 1927 Lorentz Medal, the 1915 Pour le Merite, the 1927 Franklin Medal, the 1929 Copley medal and honorary doctorates from the universities of Munich, Frankfurt, Berlin, Rostock, Athens, Graz, Cambridge, Glasgow and London. In 1938 the asteroid 1069 was named "Stella Planckia" by the Astronomical International Union.

In the year 1905, three epochal Albert Einstein papers were published in Annalen der Physik. Max Planck had recognized immediately that Einstein's theory of relativity was significant. Because of his influence, the theory thus became quite accepted in Germany.

Rumor has it

Max Planck was also known for electrifying his underwear and hopping like a bunny when he was nervous. He was also once heard muttering "What's Updoc" from his personal laboratory while watching wacky cartoons on the 1800's channel.

Written by Kevin Lepton