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Famous Biologists
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Alexander Graham Bell
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Aristotle
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Claude Bernard
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Archimedes
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Louis de Broglie
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Euclid
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Benjamin Franklin
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Galileo Galilei
Jane Goodall
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Hippocrates
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Christiaan Huygens
Edward Jenner
Johannes Kepler
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Kurt Lewin
Charles Lyell
James Clerk Maxwell
Isaac Newton

Jean Piaget
Louis Pasteur
Linus Pauling
Ivan Pavlov
Max Planck
Ptolemy
Pythagorus
Ernest Rutherford
Jonas Salk
Erwin Schrodinger
B. F. Skinner
Nikola Tesla
Joseph J. Thomson
Alan Turing
Alessandro Volta
John B. Watson
Wilhelm Wundt

 

 

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Aristotle

Aristotle was one of the greatest inspirations to modern day science. His father was the King of Macedon's physician, which may have inspired his love of the sciences from a young age. When he was eighteen, he studied at Plato's Academy in Athens, where he would stay for just about twenty years.


Aristotle

After a period of travel, Aristotle later returned to Athens, where he established his own school, called the Lyceum, and taught there for twelve years. While at the school, between 335 and 323 BC, Aristotle is thought to have drafted his best works.

Aristotle studied anatomy, astronomy, geography, geology, physics and zoology.
Because of his establishment of his own school, Aristotle made big contributions to science education. He changed the way students learned about different areas of physical science, assigning significant methods of using theories and equations, and helping students understand how they were developed.

In terms of the scientific method, Aristotle believed that the best way to understand nature is through reasoning and observation, and that knowledge is subject to examination. Aristotle set the basic standard for the modern scientific method: that all observations must include the composition, the shape or form, the motion or change, and the end result/purpose of the examination. He dismissed the ideas of chance and spontaneity as fact, and didn't consider them a cause. This method is similar to what is used in most science experiments in labs today.


Without the work of Aristotle in the area of Physics, scientists like Galileo, Newton, and Einstein may not have become famous. A large part of Einstein's Theory of Relativity is founded on a principle discovered by Aristotle: infinite velocities could not exist, that time and movement are continuous and inseparable, and that time was even flowing, infinite, and the same everywhere at once. Newton also based his theories off discoveries about objects at rest originally founded by Aristotle.

Something that is often forgotten about in today's modern society is the fact that people once believed the earth was flat and you could fall off the edge. As silly as it sounds today, it was a major part of life in Aristotle's days.

Aristotle was the first to disprove this thought, instead focusing on the Earth's shadow on the moon during an eclipse, pointing out that the earth was, indeed, round. Without this discovery, cartographers wouldn't accurately produce maps, and our society would be very different. Aristotle's model of the universe was in place for almost twenty centuries before being modified by Copernicus.

As time progressed, the movement of science from the Aristotelian method was natural and expected. The transition from observable to inferable is the evolution of science, but without Aristotle's discoveries and persistence that Nature was, in fact, tangible and something that could be felt with the senses, modern day physical science would be very different. Galileo's work to revises Aristotle's theories of physics started a scientific journey that would lead to the sciences we study today.

Rumor Has It

that the full quote of Aristotle actually was, "Democracy is when the indigent, and not the men of property, are the rulers, except, that is when it comes to the Koch brothers."


Written by Kevin Lepton

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

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