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Famous Biologists
Famous Mathematicians
Famous Physicists
Famous Psychologists

Biographies

Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Fleming
Aristotle
Albert Bandura
Claude Bernard
Alfred Binet
Archimedes
Franz Boas
Niels Bohr
Ludwig Boltzmann
Max Born
Louis de Broglie
Noam Chomsky
Nicolaus Copernicus
Francis Crick
Marie Curie
John Dalton
Charles Darwin
Rene Descartes
Thomas Edison
Albert Einstein
Euclid
Leonhard Euler
Michael Faraday
Benjamin Franklin
Sigmund Freud
Galileo Galilei
Jane Goodall
Stephen Hawking
Heinrich Hertz
Hippocrates
Edwin Hubble
Christiaan Huygens
Edward Jenner
Johannes Kepler
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Kurt Lewin
Charles Lyell
James Clerk Maxwell
Isaac Newton

Jean Piaget
Louis Pasteur
Linus Pauling
Ivan Pavlov
Max Planck
Ptolemy
Pythagorus
Ernest Rutherford
Jonas Salk
Erwin Schrodinger
B. F. Skinner
Nikola Tesla
Joseph J. Thomson
Alan Turing
Alessandro Volta
John B. Watson
Wilhelm Wundt

 

 

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Famous Biologists

Biology is the study of life and living organisms, and focuses on the growth, evolution, structure, composition, and function of those organisms. Modern biology has a variety of subfields of study, and although it has broad reaches, there are specific identifying concepts that tie all research and study in the field into one cohesive science.


Gregor Mendel

Throughout history, the field has given way to numerous important discoveries that helped shaped life as we know it today. There are many famous biologists whose work has greatly impacted our understanding of the science.

Charles Darwin is mostly known for his theory of evolution in which he proposed the concept of natural selection and survival of the fittest. Darwin did a large amount of research in the Galapagos Islands, and was considered a naturalist. His education at the University of Cambridge led to his study of medicine at University of Edinburgh in Scotland. He believed that all life, regardless of species came from one single source.

If you've ever wondered where your baby got his eyes, or why your sister can wiggle her nose and you can't, you can find the answers in the research of Gregor Mendel. Modern genetics are based off Mendel's work, which all began with a couple of peas. He wrote "Experiments on Plant Hybridization" and found various methods for cross breeding and studying specific traits in peas. The findings that one trait remains dominant throughout a breeding line is called the Mendelian inheritance.

Our modern classification system of various organisms is derived from a system put in place by Aristotle. While many known his name, very few associate his work with biology. Yet his effect on the classification of living things was apparent up into the 19th century. Aristotle's system was simple, based on the different ways he saw life: "With blood, without blood, etc."


Charles Darwin

There's a pretty big chance your doctor has sworn to practice medicine according to the principles of the Hippocratic Oath. This oath is named for the Father of Western Medicine, Hippocrates. He was the first scientist to determine that diseases were not an act of the Gods, and instead could be attributed to natural causes. Also, he was known for his professional discipline in the field of medicine, which set a standard for doctors still today.

The world would be a much different place if it weren't for Edward Jenner, the man who created the first vaccine for smallpox. Considered the Father of Immunology, Jenner's work in microbiology made him a pioneer in his field.

In the field of microbiology, another important discovery was the process of pasteurization, discovered by none other than its namesake, Louis Pasteur. His background in chemistry and microbiology helped his success, and his discovery of germ theory was the starting point for his research. Next time you drink a bacteria free glass of milk or wine, you can thank Louis Pasteur.

Rumor Has It

that Pasteur was also a secret homogenizer who not only pollenated whenever he could but also hydrogenated as well.


Written by Kevin Lepton

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

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