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Pythagorus

Pythagoras usually referred to as the first pure mathematician who was born on the Samos Island, in Greece in 569 BC. His father's name was Mnesarchus and was a gem merchant. His mother's name was Pythais. He had two or three brothers. There has been a lot of saying about Pythagoras, some historians say that he was married to a woman who's named as Theano and had a daughter named as Damo, and also a son named Telauges, who further succeeded Pythagoras as a teacher and taught Empedocles.


Pythagorus

Some others say that Theano was not his wife, but one of his students, and that Pythagoras was never married and hence had no children. He was well educated, and played the lyre throughout his lifetime. He also knew poetry and recited Homer. Pythagoras was very much interested in mathematics, astronomy, music and philosophy, and was greatly influenced by Thales for mathematics and astronomy, Pherekydes for philosophy and Anaximander for philosophy and geometry. He left Samos in about 535 B.C. for Egypt to study with the priests in the temples.

Pythagoras' contributions to math and science:

When Pythagoras went to southern Italy, in 512 B. C., there he tried to use his symbolic method for teaching which was very similar in all respects to the lessons that he had learnt in Egypt. The Samians treated him in a rude and improper manner as they were not very keen on this method. This was the reason which led Pythagoras to leave Samos. He was dragged into all kinds of diplomatic missions by the citizens of Samos, and he was forced to participate in the public affairs. After this Pythagoras founded a religious and philosophical school in Croton (now known as Crotone) that led to many followers.

Pythagoras was the head of this society. There was an inner circle of followers which was known as mathematikoi. These mathematikoi lived permanently with the Society. They had no personal possessions and they were vegetarians. Both women and men were permitted to become members of this Society. The outer circle of followers of the Society was known as the akousmatics. They on contrary to the mathematikoi lived in their own houses, and come to the Society only during the day. They were also allowed to own their own possessions and were not vegetarians.

Pythagoras' contribution towards Pythagorean Theorem:

Pythagoras has been given credit for discovering the Pythagorean Theorem, since the fourth century AD. This is a theorem in geometry which states that the area of the square on the hypotenuse i.e. the side opposite to the right angle, in a right-angled triangle is equal to the sum of areas of the squares of base and the height i.e. the other two sides corresponding to the right angle of the right-angled triangle.

This means if 'a' and 'b' are the two sides corresponding to the angle that is 90°, and 'c' is the side opposite to the right angle then this means the Pythagoras Theorem states that a2 + b2 = c2.

This theorem was previously utilized by the Indians and the Babylonians. Pythagoras and his students was said to have constructed the first proof. But due to the secretive nature of Pythagoras' school and the tradition of the students to attribute everything towards their teacher, there's no evidence that Pythagoras himself had worked on or proved this theorem. But since it was first discovered by Pythagoras, hence the Theorem is named after him, although the theorem occurred even five centuries after his death, in the writings of Plutarch and Cicero.


Rumor Has It

that the Pythagorean hypotenuse started off as a hippopotamus triangulated by two moose outside the Bronx zoo creating the first hippopotanuse moose in history.

 

Written by Kevin Lepton

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

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